The art of Ellora as a whole represent a dynamic section of the entire evolution of Indian sculpture traceable backwards a millennium During the 6th to10th century Ellora developed into a thriving nueleus of artistic, religious, political and economic life. The fundamental beliefs of Hindus, Buddhist and Jains were symbolically concretized in the architectural and sculptural multiplicity of form life in the 34 rock cut temples at Ellora.
The Vakataks, Chalukyas and later Rashtrakuta rulers, their ministers or favored families or their vessel kings who may also have been religious seekers stabilized powers by building commemorative monument and defending their territory militantly. The Rashtrakut probably had their first capital town here although the history of the deccan gives us an account of the ephemeral rules and demains of several post Gupta dynasties in this area.
Main Temple- The magority of Art Historions like to believe that the Brahmanical excavation at this site commence with the ‘Rameshwar Cave’ and place the other two and the ‘Dhumerlane’ as subsequent to it about a century ago I J. Burges and Fergussan dated cave as one of the earliest from this complex
1. Buddist Caves-450AD to 650 AD.
2. Jain caves-
3. Brah manical- Eaves No. 13 to 29
4. No. 14- Raven Ka khai
5. No. 15- Dasvtar
6. No. 16- The Kailasa
7. No. 21- Ramesh war
8. No. 29- Dhumer lane
Dasavtara cave is the only cave that is studded with evidence of different kind The inscription of Dantidurga the founder of the Rashtrakutas Imperial power. Journal of the Oriental Institute of Barodha Vol. I No. I Sep. 95 placed around . 750 A.D.
The sculptural art of Ellora does not reach its excellence again after the creation of the Kailash temple with the period of Gobind IInd one can notice the Gurjars Pratihar influence sculptural on this group and not much different from the medieval.